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Monday, July 6, 2020

State approves $50,000 for Chattahoochee's River Landing Park

Major Archaeology Project to Begin Soon.

by Rachael Conrad

Historical Markers and the large temple mound
at Chattahoochee's River Landing Park.
Florida Governor Ron DeSantis and the state legislature have approved a $50,000 grant for River Landing Park in Chattahoochee, Florida. It is the second year in a row that the park has received significant funding through the state Division of Historical Resources.

The park is the location of noted multi-cultural archaeological and historical sites. Among these are Native American mounds, a War of 1812 fort, the battlefield where the first U.S. defeat of the Seminole Wars took place, wrecks of 19th and early 20th-century paddlewheel steamboats, historic Victory Bridge, and even an original section of the 17th-century Old Spanish Trail.

Historian and author Dale Cox, who wrote the grant application for free as a donation to the community, said that the money will fund the most significant archaeological research project in the history of the Chattahoochee Landing site.

River Landing Park as seen from the air.

"These dollars, which the community is so blessed to receive in a year when the Governor was forced to cut over $1 billion in spending from the state budget, shows just how important this site is to Chattahoochee, our area, and the state as a whole," he said.

The grant is available immediately and will be used to better determine the specific sites of archaeological and historical features at the park so they can be preserved while clearing the way for future development and improvements.

"This project is really unique," Cox said, "because it provides a chance to preserve the past while assuring the future. The City of Chattahoochee wants to add a canoe launch and make other improvements to the park. This will help move that project forward while, at the same time, it will save the prehistoric mounds from further erosion and protect precious parts of the past."

The grant was submitted in early 2019 by Chattahoochee Main Street. A previous grant, also for $50,000, funded a new interpretive trail that will be installed at River Landing Park later this month. Combined, the two projects provide a total investment of $100,000 in the cultural resources at the park.

Enjoy this video to learn more about the history of River Landing Park:

Friday, June 12, 2020

Street Philosophy Institute rejects NAACP call to preserve "Claude Neal" tree

Statement from Darien Pollock

The "Claude Neal" tree in Marianna, Florida
The following statement was issued this evening by Darien Pollock, the President of the Street Philosophy Institute, Inc., in response to a statement from the Jackson County NAACP expressing support for preserving the "Claude Neal" tree at the courthouse in Marianna:


As the President of the Street Philosophy Institute, Inc., and native of Jackson County, Florida, I want to express publicly that I am thoroughly disappointed in our local NAACP chapter for failing to be sensitive to the desires and interests of not only the Black community but the citizens of Jackson County at large.

This recent statement by the NAACP is a prime example of why Jackson County and surrounding areas continue to be (at least) 30 years behind the rest of our country culturally and politically. It’s also a grave reminder of how many of our (white-minded) Black leaders have sold out the integrity and credibility of our historically Black institutions, exploiting them for personal gain against the benefit and at the detriment of the most vulnerable and silenced members of our community.

On behalf of SPI, and the close to 6,000 signatories of our recent petition to remove the Claude Neal lynching tree and establish a memorial in honor of *all* victims of racial terrorism in Jackson, County, I want to emphasize that I wholeheartedly reject this proclamation by our local NAACP chapter and view it as an example of gross political malpractice.

Jackson County NAACP supports preserving "Claude Neal" tree

President Linda B. Franklin issued the following statement on Friday, June 12, 2020:

The "Claude Neal" tree in Marianna, Florida
The Jackson County NAACP understands the history of what has been named the “Claude Neal” tree as it relates to the horrific event that took place at the Jackson County Courthouse in 1934. The display of Mr. Claude Neal’s deceased body being hung on the tree was a sign of the deeply rooted hatred that existed in
Jackson County due to racism. It is a part of Jackson County’s history that will not be forgotten. It is history which should be taught to every generation of all races. 

This tree not only represents the horrific events surrounding the lynching of Mr. Claude Neal. It also represents the entrepreneurship of one of the first African Americans that was awarded a contract by Jackson County. This entrepreneur was Mr. Aesop Bellamy who planted this tree and many others around the courthouse in 1873. Therefore, history of the planting of the tree should be taught along with the events that led up to the hanging of Mr. Neal’s body and the events that followed. 

This tree can be used as a visual to teach the good and the bad history of Jackson County. For this reason, the Jackson County NAACP stands with the descendants of Mr. Neal and takes the position of the “Claude Neal” tree being preserved and not cut down. We hope the conversations surrounding the tree will bring awareness of the past, healing to the present and knowledge to the future. Dr. Maya Angelou said, “History despite its wrenching pain, cannot be unlived, but if faced with courage, need not be lived again.” 

Linda B. Franklin, President
Jackson County NAACP

Saturday, June 6, 2020

Two Trees, a Lynching, and the Future

Dealing with yesterday to improve tomorrow.

A Commentary by Dale Cox

The actual "Claude Neal" tree at the Jackson
County Courthouse faces Madison Street. 
Thirty years before I was born, six men took a man named Claude Neal into the deep swamps of the Chattahoochee River in Jackson County, Florida. They chained him to a tree, tortured him, and murdered him.

The crime was so brutal that residents miles away heard the farm laborer's screams. After Neal was dead, the men of the self-dubbed "Committee of Six" threw his body onto the back bumper of a car and carried it to the Cannady farm near Greenwood. The remains were kicked from the bumper as the vehicle approached the house. The body was dragged by the neck into the yard.

Claude Neal was accused of killing Lola Cannady, the 18-year-old daughter of farmer and furniture maker George Cannady. She was attacked as she pumped water for the family livestock, beaten with a hammer, and thrown into a muddy pen for the hogs to eat. She regained consciousness, climbed over a fence, and started to crawl across a peanut field, but her murderer saw her and attacked her again. This time she was dragged deep into a wooded area where her skull was crushed with an oak limb. Her body was hidden beneath fallen trees and debris.

The Jackson County Courthouse as it appeared in
1934. The structure was later demolished.
Lola Cannady slept in a cold grave by the time Claude Neal's body was shot full of bullet holes in the front yard of the Cannady home. He was already dead by then. Neighbors threw his body onto a flatbed truck and carried it to Marianna. 

Neal was hanged from a tree outside the courthouse as a message to Sheriff W.F. "Flake" Chambliss, who had gone to extraordinary lengths to save the unfortunate man from death at the hands of the mob. The lawman found the body a short time later, cut it down, and carried it to the nearby jail.

Claude Neal was black. Lola Cannady was white. He was married with a young daughter. She was engaged to be married. Both were murdered in the most brutal ways imaginable. Rumors about them turned into legends, which many now accept as fact. As if anything could excuse murder and the brutal way in which the two of them were killed.

The ghosts of Claude Neal and Lola Cannady still haunt Jackson County, crying out for justice. 

Lola is the more forgotten of the two. Not even a gravestone reminds us that she ever lived. For some reason, people seem not to care, yet she was a victim too.

"Cut it Down," and "Claude Neal" signs were
posted hist week on an oak tree at the Jackson
County Courthouse. The actual tree is visible at
left in the background.
Claude is better remembered. And there is the controversy that rises again to wrap itself around Marianna and Jackson County. A petition is circulating on the internet, demanding that a tree in front of the courthouse be cut down (see it here). Signs also went up on one of the courthouse oaks this week, pointing it out as the "Claude Neal" tree with the demand "Cut it down."

It is a refrain that rises and falls with the times. I have long known that many older people in Jackson County's African American community are sensitive about the tree, and understandably so. Some remember the terror of the riots that followed the Neal lynching and the fear that their homes would be burned down around them. They are fewer in number now, but they are still here.

I admit that I have been surprised by the growing passion among younger generations about the tree, even if there is sometimes confusion about which tree it is (more on that in a minute). This growing passion has caused me much reflection.

Aesop Bellamy's trees are seen here about
20-years after they were planted by the African
American businessman.
The courthouse trees - including the one used for less than one hour to display the body of Claude Neal - are historic in their own right. They were planted in 1873 by a man named Aesop Bellamy. A freedman or former slave, he was one of the county's first black businessmen. In what may be the earliest contract award by Jackson County to an African American, Bellamy was hired to plant 36 live oak trees around the courthouse. Not many of them survive, but they stand as a monument to this early entrepreneur.

The actual "Claude Neal" tree at the Jackson County Courthouse is not the oak in front that many people point to. It is the second tree from the northeast corner on the Madison Street side. The sheriff's office faced Madison Street in 1934, and Neal's body was hung there as a message to Sheriff Chambliss. The actual limb from which the body was suspended is no longer there, it was cut off years ago, but the tree remains.

The tree where the "Committee of Six" killed
Claude Neal was destroyed by Hurricane Michael
in 2018. Only the base of the trunk remains.
The other "Claude Neal" tree is the so-called Hanging Tree near Parramore Landing in eastern Jackson County. He was chained to it while he was tortured and murdered. I have guided classes from Florida State University to the tree on numerous occasions, braving snakes and briars to help them with their studies. Hurricane Michael largely destroyed it, leaving only the base of the trunk. 

So how do we, as a community, begin the process of putting the ghosts of Claude Neal and Lola Cannady to rest? 

That is a question that we should all put some time and thought into answering. The Bible teaches us to be merciful and kind to one another. We all see the world through different eyes, but there are many things that we all have in common, no matter our race or culture or background or religion. We all want our children and grandchildren to have better lives and a better place to live in.

I have some suggestions - and that's all they are, just suggestions - I have no more power than anyone else. Perhaps they are worth considering.
  1. Let's begin by offering the families of Claude Neal and Lola Cannady to place headstones on their graves. Neither grave is marked. If the exact burial spots cannot be identified, then the stones can be placed nearby.
  2. Jackson County, working with the Florida Division of Historical Resources, should place historical markers near the Neal murder site at Parramore Landing and the Cannady/Smith farm sites near Greenwood to interpret the events of 1934. Independent state historians should develop the text for the markers.
  3. The Jackson County Commission should convene a hearing to receive public input on the fate of the actual "Claude Neal" tree on the courthouse square. This tree is the second one south of the northeast corner of the square on the Madison Street side. Despite its historical significance, if the commissioners believe after hearing public input that community healing will result from its removal, it should be taken down and proper interpretive signage placed to explain why.
  4. If the tree is removed, "Aesop Bellamy Trees" rooted from acorns produced by the other oaks on Courthouse Square should be planted each year for 10-years at Jackson Blue Springs and other county parks.
  5. Regardless of the fate of the "Claude Neal" tree, the County Commission should adopt an ordinance declaring the other live oaks planted by Aesop Bellamy on the courthouse square to be Landmark Trees and providing for their permanent protection and care. The county should work with the Florida Division of Historical Resources to prepare an application for listing the trees (less the Claude Neal tree) on the National Register of Historic Places due to their connection to Aesop Bellamy, an African American entrepreneur of the Reconstruction era. The county should place a marker telling the story of Bellamy's trees.
  6. Finally, the Jackson County Tourist Development Council is encouraged to work in cooperation with the Jackson County Commission, the Jackson County Branch of the NAACP, the Florida Panhandle Natural and Cultural Resources Association (FPNCRA), and the Chipola Historical Trust to develop a multi-cultural driving tour of Jackson County. This tour should feature historic sites and landmarks of interest to people of all races and cultures, to inspire our young people and show them that it is possible to rise above circumstances to achieve great things.
These are my suggestions. I welcome you to make suggestions of your own as comments, and perhaps we can come up with a plan to move past the ghosts of the past and into a better future together.

All comments are moderated, so just be polite, and your thoughts will be shared. No bad language!

Tuesday, June 2, 2020

T. Thomas Fortune: Civil Rights leader was born in Jackson County, Florida

T. Thomas Fortune
Marianna-born journalist and civil rights leader
He rose from slavery to editorial power.

by Dale Cox

Drivers zip past simple brown signs each day as they travel on U.S. 90 into Jackson County, Florida. The signs state simply that the county was the birthplace of T. Thomas Fortune.

He was a significant figure of the late 19th century, but many today do not know his story. Here are the basics:

Timothy Thomas Fortune was born into slavery at Marianna on October 3, 1856, but was destined to demonstrate just how far Americans could rise with education, hard work, inspiration, and determination. He has been called "Tuskegee's Point-Man" for his support of Booker T. Washington and the innovative programs at Tuskegee Institute (now Tuskegee University).

Based on Fortune's own memories, much about his childhood has been misrepresented by modern writers. His father, Emanuel Fortune, was enslaved by Joseph W. Russ, a prominent Jackson County resident. Russ not only encouraged Emanuel's education but entrusted him with the management of his large leather tannery. (Note: Russ was the father of the Joseph W. Russ, Jr. who later built Marianna's beautiful Russ House).

Emanuel Fortune
Father of T. Thomas Fortune
When Emanuel married Sarah Jane Hires, Joseph Russ arranged for the two to live together at the home of Eli P. Moore, a leading Marianna merchant, and partner in the firm of Alderman, Moore & Company. It was there that T. Thomas was born in 1856.

According to the later writings of T. Thomas Fortune, he and his parents were treated well by Russ and Moore, although they were kept in a condition of slavery. He grew up playing with Moore's four children and later remembered that he was never treated as anything other than a member of the family during the eight years that he lived in slavery.

When the War Between the States (or Civil War) came to an end, Emanuel Fortune enrolled his son in the new public school established in Marianna by the Freedman's Bureau. He excelled in his studies and quickly gained the attention of the publisher of the Marianna Courier newspaper, Frank Baltzell.

Marianna, as it appeared when T. Thomas Fortune lived there.
State Archives of Florida/Memory Collection
Just a few years older than T. Thomas, Frank likely had known the young man all of his life. Baltzell gave Fortune a job at the newspaper, starting him on a career that would lead him to heights never before attained by an African American in the United States.

T. Thomas Fortune went on to work at newspapers in Jacksonville, Washington, D.C., and New York over the years that followed. He enrolled at Howard University but was forced to withdraw after a few semesters due to financial restraints.

T. Thomas Fortune
He published his first book, Black and White, Labor, and Politics in the South, in 1883, establishing himself as an influential spokesman for the civil rights movement. It was T. Thomas Fortune who coined the term "Afro-American" (which eventually became today's African American), and he was a leading figure in the Afro-American League.

T. Thomas Fortune cultivated the friendship of Booker T. Washington during the 1890s and became a leading advocate of Washington's visionary Tuskegee Institute (now Tuskegee University) in Alabama. He helped with the preparation for publication of Washington's landmark book The Future of the American Negro.

Home of T. Thomas Fortune in New Jersey
Courtesy Library of Congress
By the early 1900s, Fortune was the chairman of the National Negro Business League. He also continued his career in journalism, becoming editor of the New York Age and The Negro World. The latter paper achieved a paid circulation of more than 200,000 under Fortune's leadership and was distributed in the United States, Canada, Europe, Africa, the Caribbean, and Central America.

T. Thomas Fortune died on June 2, 1928, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Signs designating Jackson County as his birthplace stand on U.S. 90 near Sneads and Cottondale, but the county, unfortunately, has no historical marker or monument to tell his story. His home in Red Bank, New Jersey, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and remains a landmark to this day.

Read other stories on the history of Jackson County, Florida, by visiting https://twoegg.blogspot.com.

COVID-19 Coronavirus statistics for Florida, Georgia, and Alabama

County by County Covid-19 Statistics

We ended our daily Covid-19 reports for Northwest Florida on June 1 as Florida continued the process of re-opening its restaurants, parks, and other points of interest. The information is still available through state sources which can be accessed at Two Egg TV. 

Please follow this link for county-by-county information in Florida, Georgia, and Alabama:

Covid-19 Information Page at Two Egg TV

Friday, March 20, 2020

109 dead in 31 days: The 1918 Spanish Influenza at Florida State Hospital

Dozens rest in forgotten graves at Chattahoochee, Florida.

by Dale Cox

A surviving wooden grave marker at Florida State Hospital
Cemetery No. 3 in Chattahoochee, Florida.
As America deals with a growing COVID-19 or coronavirus pandemic, mention is often made of the terrible Spanish Influenza of 1918. 

The flu struck in the early fall of that year, sickening entire communities in as few as 48-hours. The pandemic was especially deadly in military camps, prisons, and other places where large numbers of people lived in close proximity. At the Florida Industrial School for Boys in Marianna, for example, 264 of the 267 students were incapacitated in less than two days (please see The Pandemic of 1918 at Marianna's School for Boys).

At Florida State Hospital in Chattahoochee, things were even worse.

Florida State Hospital as it appeared in 1918. The old brick
building and its tower were part of the original Apalachicola
Arsenal complex around which the hospital developed.
Cemetery records for Cemetery No. 3 at the facility show that 109 people died in October 1918 alone. This number does not include patients who were buried elsewhere or staff members who fell ill and lost their lives. [1]

Considerable evidence shows that the deadly influenza was spread through North Florida by a special "relic train." The train traveled on the railroad from Jacksonville west through Florida to Pensacola, stopping in Tallahassee, Quincy, Marianna, and elsewhere:

     The United States Government War Relic Train was at Quincy this morning from 7:30 to 9:30, and quite a large number of people from both the city and county viewed the wonderful exhibits sent out by the government to bring home to the people the closeness of the great struggle.
     Captain L.M. Dixon, lieutenant H.B. Smith and Private, Gabriel Rubino, were the main speakers and entertained the audience with patriotic appeals. There were quite a number of catchy songs by other parties in the government train, which were enjoyed very much by the audience.
     Chairman Wilson, of the Liberty Loan Committee, aided by his fellow members, worked among the audience, securing pledges for the Liberty Loan. [2]

The paddlewheel steamboat Amos Hayes at the railroad bridge
over the Apalachicola at Chattahoochee (River Junction),
Florida. The "relic train" crossed here on Oct. 5, 1918.
The train's journey through Gadsden and Jackson Counties took place on October 5, 1918. People began to fall ill and die almost as soon as it passed.

In Tallahassee, for example, medical authorities reported the spread of the deadly illness less than 48-hours after the train's visit but noted there was no cause for alarm. Before another 24-hours passed, however, people were dying in the city, and the mayor ordered all public places to close their doors.

Quincy developed cases almost simultaneously with Tallahassee. Chattahoochee and Marianna followed just hours later.

At Florida State Hospital, the doctors and nurses were overwhelmed with deathly ill patients. Available statistics show that patients began to die on October 6, 1918, and the death toll soared in the days that followed.

The Administration Building of Florida State Hospital was
the original officer's quarters of the Apalachicola Arsenal.
Patients continued to die in large numbers through the second and third weeks of October. The youngest, oldest, and weakest went first. By the end of the month, it was all but over. The death toll dropped just as suddenly as it had risen. Only the graves remained to tell the story.

Influenza surged again in November-December 1918, bringing even more deaths and more burials.

Cemetery No. 3 is one of several such burial grounds on and around the hospital and was the one in use in 1918. It is in the woods near Mosquito Creek and is not maintained although it is on state property. Hurricane Michael toppled trees there and damaged remaining grave markers, most of which were made of wood and bore only numbers to identify the unfortunate people interred there. The victims of the 1918 pandemic, with hundreds of other forgotten souls, rest in silence and neglect.

It is now impossible to identify who is buried in most of the graves, but the cemetery ledgers indicate that the following people died at the hospital in October 1918. Deaths before October 5 were likely of other causes.


October 1-31, 1918

1.      Acuff, Miss Clara                      Age 26             WF                   10/16/1918
2.      Albritton, John                         Age 22             WM                 10/4/1918
3.      Alderman, Britt                        Age 25             WM                 10/11/1918
4.      Allen, Rollie                             Age 8               BM                  10/17/1918
5.      Almy, Lillie                              Age 27             WF                   10/20/1918
6.      Arnau, Eugene                          Age 34             WM                 10/7/1918
7.      Ash, Joe                                   Age 23             BM                  10/23/1918
8.      Bailey, W.L.                             Age 71             WM                 10/9/1918
9.      Baker, Mrs. Charlotte                Age 38             WF                   10/21/1918
10.   Baldwin, Peter                          Age 66             WM                 10/5/1918
11.   Beauchamp, Miss Minnie          Age 20             WF                   10/21/1918
12.   Bellamy, Frank                         Age 13             BM                  10/15/1918
13.   Bennett, Coley                          Age 17             WM                 10/20/1918
14.   Berry, Walter                            Age 25             M                     10/24/1918
15.   Brown, Alice                            Age 39             BF                    10/7/1918
16.   Brown, Jacob                            Age 60             BM                  10/18/1918
17.   Bryant, Annie                           Age 29             BF                    10/15/1918
18.   Bustin, Mrs. Elizabeth               Age 47             WF                   10/20/1918
19.   Butler, Julia                              Age 40             BF                    10/14/1918
20.   Cason, Gertrude                        Age 38             BF                    10/14/1918
21.   Chasen, Samuel                        Age 54             WM                 10/6/1918
22.   Cobb, E.C.                                Age 50             WM                 10/8/1918
23.   Davis, George                           Age 40             BM                  10/5/1918
24.   Demps, Gussie                          Age 24             BF                    10/16/1918
25.   Dingham, Ella                           Age 28             WF                   10/15/1918
26.   Unknown                                 Age                  WM                 10/1918
27.   Ellis, Daniel                              Age 18             BM                  10/12/1918
28.   Ferguson, Fronia                       Age 30             BF                    10/19/1918
29.   Francis, C.W.                            Age 51             WM                 10/11/1918
30.   Francis, George                         Age 34             BM                  10/14/1918
31.   Franklin, Thomas                      Age 75             WM                 10/15/1918
32.   Gaross, Maria                           Age 74             WF                   10/8/1918
33.   Golding, John                           Age 15             WM                 10/17/1918
34.   Goosby, Ida                              Age 47             BF                    10/8/1918
35.   Green, Polly Ann                      Age                  WF                   10/28/1918
36.   Hall, Rachel                              Age 75             BF                    10/16/1918
37.   Harin, Will                               Age 31             BM                  10/12/1918       
38.   Harrell, Willie                           Age 41             WM                 10/15/1918
39.   Harris, W.                                 Age                  BF                    10/12/1918
40.   Hill, James Palmer                    Age 25             WM                 10/14/1918
41.   Hinkley, Lewis                          Age 21             WM                 10/7/1918
42.   Holmes, Eliza                           Age 50             BF                    10/20/1918
43.   Horn, J.B.                                 Age                  WM                 10/4/1918
44.   Hutchinson, M.T.                      Age 39             WM                 10/3/1918
45.   Isaac, Marinda                          Age 3               BF                    10/2/1918
46.   Jenson, Arthur                          Age                  WM                 10/17/1918
47.   Johnson, Jim                             Age 37             BM                  10/31/1918
48.   Johnson, Robert                        Age 26             BM                  10/10/1918
49.   Jones, Charles                           Age                  BM                  10/19/1918
50.   Kelly, Gladys                            Age 23             BF                    10/13/1918
51.   Kennedy, Miss Jennie               Age 30             WF                   10/24/1918
52.   Kensler, Mary                           Age 43             BF                    10/7/1918
53.   Larcus, Rebecca                        Age 46             BF                    10/14/1918
54.   Lee, Charles                             Age 56             BM                  10/10/1918
55.   Lee, John                                 Age 34             WM                 10/8/1918
56.   Lee, Mary Jane                         Age 45             WF                   10/24/1918
57.   Lender, Mrs. Belle                    Age 51             WF                   10/20/1918
58.   Logan, Jim                               Age 59             WM                 10/7/1918
59.   Mathis, Mrs. Maud                    Age 34             WF                   10/20/1918
60.   Medino, Patrick                        Age 33             WF?                 10/8/1918
61.   Mercer, Mrs. Nancy                  Age 82             WF                   10/20/1918
62.   Milam, Benjamin B.                  Age 32             WM                 10/6/1918
63.   Miller, Moses                            Age 15             BM                  10/19/1918
64.   Moody, John B.                        Age                  WM                 10/12/1918
65.   Moondeck, George                    Age                  WM                 10/31/1918
66.   Moore, Mrs. Maggie                  Age 34             WF                   10/19/1918
67.   Moore, Maxie                           Age 25 or 30     BM                  10/14/1918
68.   Neel, James Edward                  Age 14             WM                 10/25/1918
69.   Parker, Sam                              Age 27             BM                  10/18/1918
70.   Pettington, Livingston               Age 28             BM                  10/16/1918
71.   Pinkston, Albert                        Age                  WM                 10/30/1918
72.   Potts, Carl                                 Age 18             WM                 10/21/1918
73.   Price, W.M.M.                          Age 51             WM                 10/16/1918
74.   Reed, Sarah                              Age 40             WF                   10/31/1918
75.   Richards, Willie                        Age 24             BF                    10/19/1918
76.   Richardson, Emily                    Age 29             BF                    10/17/1918
77.   Richardson, Jefferson                Age 31             BM                  10/12/1918       
78.   Ridditt, Mary                            Age 25             WF                   10/12/1918
79.   Robertson, Alderman                Age 44             WM                 10/14/1918
80.   Russ, Maude                             Age 17             BF                    10/26/1918
81.   Russell, D.S.                             Age 27             WM                 10/10/1918
82.   Saunders, Thomas                     Age 36             WM                 10/10/1918
83.   Seabury, Charles N.                  Age 80             WM                 10/25/1918
84.   Sharp, John                              Age 46             BM                  10/14/1918
85.   Sheronse, Olin                          Age 35             WM                 10/17/1918
86.   Smith, Lillie Mae                      Age 16             BF                    10/3/1918
87.   Stephens, Christopher C.           Age 36             BM                  10/17/1918
88.   Stephens, Josephine                  Age 51             BF                    10/17/1918
89.   Stephens, Mary                         Age 31             BF                    10/15/1918
90.   Sumler, Charles                        Age                  BM                  10/11/1918
91.   Taylor, Annie                           Age 25             BF                    10/15/1918
92.   Thomas, Henry                         Age 44             BM                  10/8/1918
93.   Thomas, Martha                        Age 49             BF                    10/24/1918
94.   Truluck, William                       Age 40             BM                  10/19/1918
95.   Wade, Albert                            Age 21             BM                  10/10/1918
96.   Walker, Dennis                         Age 24             BM                  10/26/1918
97.   Ward, Gus                                Age 36             BM                  10/11/1918
98.   Warren, Major                          Age                  BM                  10/20/1918
99.   Washington, George                  Age 73             BM                  12/15/1918
100.                    Webster, Pinkie                         Age 17             BF                    10/23/1918
101.                    Wheeler, Mary                          Age 36             BF                    10/22/1918
102.                    Whitehurst, John                      Age 52             WM                 10/11/1918
103.                    Whitehurst, Lillie May              Age 18             WF                   10/18/1918
104.                    Wiggins, Emma                        Age 17             BF                    10/19/1918
105.                    Williams, Fannie                       Age 40             BF                    10/15/1918
106.                    Williams, Henry                        Age 68             BM                  10/14/1918
107.                    Williams, J.H.                           Age 56             BM                  10/6/1918
108.                    Williams, Lula                          Age 43             BF                    10/15/1918

109.                    Williams, Spencer                     Age 37             BM                  10/20/1918


[1] Cemetery Ledgers, Florida State Hospital.
[2] Pensacola Journal, October 5, 1918.